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HMS Pallas (1865)

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NamePallasExplanation
TypeCentral battery ironclad corvette   
Launched14 March 1865
HullWooden
PropulsionScrew
Builders measure2372 tons
Displacement3661 tons
Guns6
Fate1886
Class 
Ships bookADM 135/345
Note 
Snippets concerning this vessels career
DateEvent
5 March 1866
- 3 October 1867
Commanded by Captain Matthew Connolly, particular service
4 October 1867Commanded by Captain Edward Henry Gage Lambert, Mediterranean
1 January 1870
- 13 September 1870
Commanded by Captain Charles Lodowick Darley Waddilove, Coast Guard, Kingstown
13 September 1870Commanded by Captain David Spain
2 April 1872
- 29 July 1872
Commanded (from commissioning at Plymouth) by Captain John Clark Soady, Mediterranean
6 August 1872
- 26 July 1875
Commanded by Captain Charles John Rowley, Mediterranean
26 July 1875
- 1 January 1879
Commanded by Captain Henry Hamilton Beamish, Mediterranean
1 January 1879
- 24 July 1879
Commanded (until paying off at Plymouth) by Captain John Arbuthnot Fisher, Mediterranean
Extracts from the Times newspaper
DateExtract
Sa 12 November 1864The following is the list of the vessels of the Royal navy which will be armed, and are now being armed, with the new description of 300-pounder and other guns in course of issue. The figures after each vessel specify the number of guns of the description mentioned she will carry. To mount the 12-ton 300-pounders:- Bellerophon, 10; Royal Sovereign, 5; Minotaur, 4; Scorpion, 4; Wiveren, 4; Prince Albert, 4; Agincourt, 4; and Northumberland, 4. To be armed with the 6½-ton guns:- The Achilles, 20; Black Prince, 20; Warrior, 20; Lord Warden, 20; Lord Clyde, 20; Royal Oak, 20; Prince Consort, 20; Royal Alfred, 20; Caledonia, 20; Ocean, 20; Minotaur, 18 ; Agincourt, 18; Valiant, 16; Zealous, 16; Hector, 16; Defence, 10; Resistance, 10; Endymion, 6; Mersey, 4; Orlando, 4, Pallas, 4; Favourite, 4; Research, 4; Enterprise, 4; Amazon, 2; Viper, 2; and Vixen, 2. To mount the 64-pounder muzzle-loader:- The Bristol, 12; Melpomene, 12; Liverpool, 12; Severn, 12; Arethusa, 12; Phoebe, 12;. Shannon, 12; Octavia, 12; Constance, 12; Sutlej, 12; Undaunted, 12; Impérieuse, 12; Aurora, 12; Leander, 12; Bacchante, 12; Emerald, 12; Phaeton, 12: Narcissus, 12; Forte, 12; Euryalus, 12; Topaz, 12; Newcastle, 12; Liffey, 12; Immortalité, 12; Glasgow, 12; Clio, 8, North Star, 8 [laid down 1860, cancelled 1865]; Racoon, 8; Challenge[r], 8; and Menai, 8 [laid down 1860, cancelled 1864]. The following will be supplied with the 64-pounder breech-loaders:- The Scout, 8; Rattlesnake, 8; Cadmus, 8; Scylla, 8; Barossa, 8; Jason, 8; Charybdis, 8; Wolverine, 8; Pylades, 8; Orestes, 8; Pearl, 8; Pelorus, 8; Satellite, 8; Acheron, 4 [laid down 1861, cancelled 1863]; Shearwater, 4; Valorous, 4; Furious, 4; Bittern, 4 [laid down 1861, cancelled 1863]; Magicienne, 4; and Columbine, 4. A supply of the 6½-ton smooth-bore 100-pounder wrought iron guns has already been received at Chatham, and it is understood that the first supply of the 300-pounder rifled 12-ton Armstrong gun may shortly be expected at the Ordnance wharf.
Fr 1 June 1866The armoured corvette Pallas, 4, 600-horse power, Capt. M. Connolly, anchored at Spithead early yesterday morning on her return from her cruise to Madeira. Fine weather accompanied the ship both out and home, the strongest breeze met with only requiring a couple of reefs in her topsails, but she has been tested under both canvas and steam as fully as was possible in the absence of a fresh gale. It is very gratifying to state, as the general result of the trials made during the cruise, that she has proved very steady under steam or sail. She tacked and wore remarkably well under her canvas, and altogether gave ample evidence of possessing the requisite good qualities of an ocean cruising ironclad. The Pallas, it will be remembered, lately left England with two screw gunboats in company, the Cherub and Minstrel, it being her duty to convoy them as far as the island of Madeira on their way to Halifax. The three vessels sailed from Spithead on the 5th of May, the Pallas under steam, and taking the Cherub in tow, and the Minstrel steaming in company. On the morning of the 5th of May, the Pallas also took the Minstrel in tow with the Cherub, and with the two vessels thus made fast to her stern she steamed 475 knots, with the revolutions of her engines reduced to a rate that gave the ship a certain speed of 6½ knots per hour. This was done with, as nearly as possible, a consumption of coal of 16 tons per 24 hours. The two gunboats, if under steam, would have themselves burnt 14 tons of coal per 24 hours. After the Pallas had steamed the 475 knots the gunboats were cast off from her, and all three vessels put under sail and a course laid for Madeira. Sail was carried to within two hours of entering the roadstead, when steam was got up by all three to pick up their anchorage berths with. At Madeira were found the Spanish screw unarmoured frigate Gerona, bearing a commodore's broad pennant, and a small iron-clad under English colours. The latter was said to be bound for Chilean waters, and was being watched evidently by the Spanish frigate. She was fitted with two funnels, carried two pole masts without yards, had a "ram" bow, and carried her armament in a central iron-cased square battery like that of the Pallas. The ironclad sailed from Madeira for Rio, unmolested by the Spanish frigate, on the morning of the May 17, and the Spanish vessel remained until the morning of the 19th, when she also sailed, it was understood on a cruise off the island, and with an intention of again returning to the anchorage. The Pallas left Madeira on her return voyage to Spithead about noon on the 19th of May, under sail with the wind light and favourable. On the following day all sail was taken in and steam got up in the boilers for a 10 hours' trial with the ship going at six knots speed. This was accomplished with a total consumption of four tons of coal, the indicated horse power, which was taken every hour, averaging 380-horse. Alter this trial the ship was again put under sail alone, and continued thus until the 28th, when sail was taken in, and steam raised for a 10 hours' trial, with the revolutions of the engines regulated to give the ship a speed of eight knots. This was accomplished with a total combustion of nine and a half tons of coal, and an indicated power of the engines of about 800-horse. The course to the Channel was afterwards continued under steam at from six to seven knots speed, with occasional exercise of the crew at the sails in coming up Channel. The engines of the ship, which were made by Messrs. Humphreys and Tennant, have worked so beautifully throughout the entire trip to Madeira and back, that up to an eight knot speed of the ship their motion could scarcely be felt or heard on the deck immediately over the engine-room. So far as regards the economy of their working, the figures given in our brief notices of the trials at six and eight knot speeds on the 20th and 28th of May are the most conclusive answer that could be desired or given on that point. Practice from the four 6½-ton rifled guns in the ship's central battery has been carried out whenever the men could be spared from their other duties during the cruise. The concussion when the guns have been fired over the decks forward or aft, inside the ship's indented iron sides, has been found very trifling, and the battery at all times has kept free of smoke or gases evolved from the rapid and continuous discharge of the guns. The wooden carriages and slides are also spoken of very favourably. The guns are easily run in or out, they are well held with their carriages on the slides by the compressors, and two men on the side tackles can train each gun with ease, and with all necessary rapidity from one extreme angle to the other. ln conclusion, and reverting to the question of the sea-going qualifications of the Pallas, it is the unanimous opinion of her officers that her plough bow gives her great weatherly qualities and stability, and they assert further, that up to a good seven knot rate of speed she can be driven by her engines without raising a ripple under her bows, but that when she is driven at higher rates of speed than eight or nine knots the broken wave begins to rise under her bows, as was exhibited on her speed trials. This is always the case with vessels, whoever may design them, that carry bluff ram bows. The Pallas awaits orders as to her future movements, from the Admiralty, at Spithead, but she is expected to form one of the Channel squadron, ordered to collect under the flag of Admiral Yelverton during the present summer, and afterwards to proceed to the Mediterranean. The Pallas is in excellent condition, but she is very much undermanned. carrying only 250, officers and crew all told.
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