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HMS Caledonia (1862)

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NameCaledoniaExplanation
TypeBroadside ironclad frigate   
Launched24 October 1862
HullWooden
PropulsionScrew
Builders measure4125 tons
Displacement6832 tons
Guns30
Fate1886
ClassPrince Consort
Ships bookADM 135/74
NoteLaid down as 2nd rate, 91 guns
Snippets concerning this vessels career
DateEvent
27 April 1865Commanded (from commissioning at Plymouth) by Captain Fitzgerald Algernon Charles Foley, flagship of Rear-Admiral Hastings Reginald Yelverton, Mediterranean (second in command)
10 June 1867
- 31 May 1869
Commanded (until paying off at Malta) by Captain Alan Henry Gardner, flagship of Rear-Admiral Lord Clarence Edward Paget, Mediterranean
1 June 1869
- 11 May 1871
Commanded (from commissioning at Malta) by Captain Thomas Cochran, Mediterranean
11 May 1871
- 7 July 1871
Commanded by Captain Chandos Scudamore Scudamore Stanhope, Mediterranean (until Stanhope died)
8 July 1871Commanded by Captain Charles Pringle, Mediterranean
18 November 1874
- 31 March 1875
Commanded by Commander Edmund Hope Verney
1875
- 25 March 1875
Commanded by Captain John Eglinton Montgomerie
Extracts from the Times newspaper
DateExtract
We 9 April 1862The Board of Admiralty, composed of the Duke of Somerset, Vice-Admiral the Hon. Sir F.W. Grey, K.C.B., Capt. Charles Frederick, Capt. the Hon. J.R. Drummond, C.B., and Rear-Admiral Lord Clarence Paget, C.B., the Secretary, went yesterday morning to witness some experimeats with large guns at Shoeburyness.
In addition to the iron frigate Achilles, 50, 6,079 tons, 1,250-horse power, building at Chatham dockyard, the following squadron of iron vessels are now under construction by private firms for the Admiralty, several of which are in a very advanced state - viz., the Agincourt, 50, 6,621 tons, 1,250-horse power, building at Birkenhead; the Northumberland, 50, 6,621 tons, 1,250-horse power, and the Valiant, 32, 4,063 tons, 800-horse power, building at Millwall; the Minotaur, 50, 6,621 tons, 1,250-horse power, and the Orontes, 3, 2,812 tons, 500-horse power, building at Blackwall; and the Hector, 32, 4,063 tons, 800-horse power, building at Glasgow. The following iron-plated frigates are now building at the several Royal dockyards, the whole of which are intended to be afloat during the present year - viz., the Caledonia, 50, 4,045 tons, 800-horse power, at Woolwich; the Ocean, 50, 4,045 tons, 1,000-horse power, at Devonport; the Prince Consort, 50, 4,045 tons, 1,000-horse power, at Pembroke; the Royal Oak, 50, 3,716 tons, 1,000-horse power, at Chatham; and the Royal Alfred, 50, 3,716 tons, 800-horse power, at Portsmouth. in addition to the above there are no fewer than 31 line-of-battle ships and other screw steamers now on the stocks at the several dockyards, most of which are admirably adapted for conversion into shield ships, on Captain Coles's principle. Of these the Bulwark, 91 [laid down in 1859, suspended in 1861 and finally cancelled in 1873], at Chatham; the Repulse, 91, at Woolwich; the Robust, 91 [laid down in 1859, suspended in 1861 and finally cancelled in 1872], at Devonport; and the Zealous, 91, at Pembroke, are all in a very advanced state, requiring only a comparatively small outlay to plate them with iron. There are also three first-class 51-gun figates also building - viz., the Belvidera [laid down in 1860 and cancelled in 1864] at Chatham, the Tweed [laid down 1860 and cancelled in 1864] at Pembroke, and the Dryad at Portsmouth, - which are admirably adapted for conversion into armour-plated ships. They would not require the removal of any decks, as would be the case with line-of-battle ships, but would only have to be lengthened and strengthened to enable them to bear the increased weight which would be placed on them. Of the other vessels in progress several are intended to carry 22 guns and upwards. If completed as iron-cased steamers they would be larger and of greater tonnage than either the Monitor or Merrimac. The whole of the hands have been removed from the wooden ships building at the several dockyards, and are now employed on the iron-cased frigates under construction, five of which will be afloat by the end of the present year.
Ma 11 August 1862'Our Iron-Cased Fleets'.
Th 19 November 1863When the Chief Constructor of the Navy …
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