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HMS Duke of Wellington (launched as Windsor Castle, 1852)

The Royal Navy Browse mid-Victorian RN vessels: A; B; C; D; E - F; G - H; I - L; M; N - P; Q - R; S; T - U; V - Z; ??

NameDuke of Wellington (launched as Windsor Castle)Explanation
Type1st rate TypeThree-decker
Launched14 September 1852 Converted to screwon the stocks
HullWooden Length241 feet
PropulsionScrew Men1100
Builders measure3771 tons   
Displacement5829 tons   
Fate1909 Last in commission1857
Class  Class (as screw)Duke of Wellington
Ships bookADM 135/142   
14 September 1852Launched at Pembroke Dockyard as Windsor Castle (on the day the Duke of Wellington died).
1 October 1852Renamed Duke of Wellington.
2 February 1853
- 25 February 1854
Commanded (from commissioning) by Commodore Henry Byam Martin, Western (Channel) squadron
4 March 1854Commanded by Captain George Thomas Gordon, flagship of Vice-Admiral Charles Napier, the Baltic during the Russian War
19 February 1855
- 4 April 1857
Commanded (until paying off at Portsmouth) by Henry Caldwell, flagship of Richard Saunders Dundas, the Baltic during the Russian War
4 April 1857
- 27 March 1857
Commanded by Captain Henry Caldwell, flagship of Rear-Admiral Richard Saunders Dundas, Mediterranean
2 March 1858
- 30 June 1858
Commanded (from commissioning at Portsmouth until paying off at Portsmouth) by Captain Harry Eyres, depot ship of the ordinary, Portsmouth.
1 May 1863Commanded by Captain John Seccombe, Portsmouth, training ship for seamen (replacing Hannibal)
(12 July 1863)
- 10 September 1867
Commanded by Charles Fellowes, training ship for seamen, Portsmouth
10 September 1867
- 1872
Commanded by Captain George Hancock, Portsmouth, training ship for seamen, then (20 December 1869) flagship of the port admiral, replacing Victory which became a tender
28 May 1868Commanded by Thomas Cochran, receiving ship, Portsmouth
(1 May 1872)Commanded by Hon Henry Carr Glyn, flagship of the port admiral, Portsmouth
1 March 1875
- 1876
Commanded by Captain Francis William Sullivan, flagship of the port admiral, Portsmouth...
16 October 1876Commanded by Captain Walter Cecil Talbot, flagship of Admiral Edward Gennys Fanshawe, flagship of the port admiral, Portsmouth
29 July 1879
- 9 May 1882
Commanded by Michael Culme-Seymour, flagship of Alfred Phillipps Ryder, flagship of the port admiral, Portsmouth
9 May 1882
- 27 October 1884
Commanded by Captain Charles John Rowley, flagship of the port admiral, Portsmouth
24 October 1884
- 1886
Commanded by Captain Philip Howard Colomb, flagship of the commander-in-chief, Portsmouth
31 March 1888Paid off.
Extracts from the Times newspaper
Th 1 July 1858The Duke of Wellington, 131, Captain Eyres, C.B., will be given up this day to the steam reserve at Portsmouth. She is fully rigged, and is supposed to be intended for flagship of the Channel fleet. Captain Eyres and staff will return this day to their old ship St. Vincent.
We 11 April 1860The portion of the Channel fleet anchored at Spithead, under the command of Rear-Admiral John E. Erskine, and consisting of the Edgar, the Algiers, the Queen, the Mars, and the Mersey, has been inspected by the officials of the steam and shipwright departments, and their report of defects of the different ships, and the repairs recommended to be carried out, has been forwarded to the Admiralty. The whole of the five vessels, as we before stated, are in need of repairs to both hull and machinery. The Mersey's required repairs in the last-named department are likely to prove of a very extensive character, and necessarily involve a large outlay before she can be again pronounced fit for foreign service. The Queen's repairs have been taken in hand by the Steam Factory Department. The Algiers, it is expected, will proceed to Keyham, where she will be placed in dock to repair the defects in her stern, &c. It is rumoured that the Duke of Wellington, 131, screw, in the first-class steam reserve in Portsmouth harbour, will be commissioned to receive the flag of the Admiral commanding the Channel Fleet, the Royal Albert's defects requiring remedy. The Duke may be pronounced fit for 18 months, or, perhaps, two years' service, if worked carefully and no accident occurring; but at the end of that time she would require new boilers and very extensive repairs to both hull and engines. As she is not in a sufficiently healthy condition of hull, boilers, and engines, to be sent on a foreign station for a three years' cruise, it is very probable that the rumour concerning her may be verified, and that she may carry Admiral Fremantle's flag in the Channel Fleet.
Tu 11 September 1860The following vessels comprise the four classes of the steam reserve at Portsmouth, the list corrected to this date :-
First Class.- Duke of Wellington, 131 guns, 700 horsepower; Princess Royal, 91 guns, 400 horse-power; Shannon, 51 guns, 600 horse-power ; Immortalité, 51 guns, 600 horse-power; Volcano, 6 guns, 140 horse-power; Philomel, 6 guns, 80 horse-power; and gunboats Brazen, Beaver, Snapper, Traveller, Grinder, and Blazer, of two guns each, and 60 horse-power.
Second Class.- Royal Sovereign, 131 guns, 800 horse-power; Victoria, 121 guns, 1,000 horse-power; Prince of Wales, 131 guns, 800 horse-power ; Duncan, 101 guns, 800 horse-power; Nelson, 91 guns, 500 horse-power; the Sutlej, 51 guns, 500 horse-power ; the Harrier, 17 guns, 100 horse-power; the Rinaldo, 17 guns, 200 horse-power; the Medea, 6 guns, 350 horse-power; the Stromboli, 6 guns, 280 horse-power; the Coquette, 6 guns, 200 horse-power; and the gunboats Cracker, Fancy, Swinger, Pincher, and Badger, of 60 horse-power each, and 2 guns.
Third Class.- The Tribune, 31 guns, 300 horse-power; the Rosamond, 6 guns, 280-horse power; the Vigilant, 4 guns, 200 horse-power; the Vulture, 6 guns, 470 horse-power; the Cygnet, 5 guns, 80 horse-power; and the gunboats Cheerful, Rambler, Pet, Daisy, Angler, Chub, Ant, Pert, and Decoy, of two guns each and 21 horse-power.
4th Class.- The screw transport Fox, 200 horse-power; the Erebus, 16 guns, 200 horse-power; the Meteor, 14 guns, 150 horse-power; and the Glatton, 14 guns, 150 horse-power.

The foregoing - not including the gunboats and mortar vessels in Haslar-yard - consist of seven line-of-battle ships, four frigates, two corvettes, nine sloops, three floating batteries, 20 gunboats, and one troop steamer. They give a total force of 1,150 guns, propelled by 11,420 horse-power (nominal). The Fox steam troopship is given in this return as not carrying any guns, but in the official Navy List she still carried "42" attached to her name.

Sa 15 September 1860The Lords of the Admiralty resumed their inspection of the naval establishments at Portsmouth yesterday. Their lordship left the Osborne In their barge early In the fore-noon, and, crossing the harbour, landed at Haslar, inspecting first the gunboat yard and ship way there. The stay there was but short; some of the skeletons of the decayed gunboats, however, attracting a passing notice from their lordships, With the general state and condition of the yard they appeared well pleased, and gave the necessary orders for laying down the six new boats In No. 6 shed. On leaving this yard their lordships next visited the Royal Naval Hospital at Haslar, together with the new cemetery attached. In the afternoon, their lordships landed at the Royal Clarence yard, and, entering some carriages that were in waiting, proceeded to Forton-barracks, the head quarters of the Royal Marine Light Infantry. On alighting at the gate of the barrack parade, they were received by Second-Commandant Lieut.-Col. Mitchell, who accompanied their lordships on the parade ground, where the division was drawn up in line, under the command of Col.-Commandant Andersen, with the band and colours in the centre. After a general salute along the line, the men marched past in slow and quick time, and then wheeled into line. After passing along the line, and inspecting the artillery attached to the division, the men were dismissed. A detachment was immediately afterwards formed, and went through a course of drill at the ship gun-battery, in the rear of the barracks. The result of the inspection reflected the highest credit on the officers and men of the division. The Royal Clarence yard, together with the Duke of Wellington, 131, screw, and the Shannon, 51, screw, was shortly inspected by their lordships on Thursday evening. In the visit to the Sirius target ship the same evening the examination of the various targets appeared to excite much interest among their lordships. Last evening the Admiralty gave their customary official dinner at Dent's George Hotel, Portsmouth, to which 40 guests were invited. Their lordships afterwards patronized the ball at Hollingsworth's rooms, in aid of the funds for the Seamen's and Marines' Orphans' Schools.
Fr 5 January 1866The paddle-wheel steamer Virago, 6, 300-horse power, attached to the Chatham, steam reserve, is undergone most extensive repairs to both hull and machinery in No. 1 dock, in order that she may be brought forward for commission. Her machinery has been removed into the factory for a thorough overhaul and repair, and her boilers have been taken out. The nature of the repairs ordered to be carried out will detain her in dock for some months.
Th 30 November 1871The unarmoured screw frigates Inconstant, Immortalité, and Volage, belonging to Rear-Admiral F. Beauchamp Seymours detached squadron, sailed from Spithead on Saturday for the rendezvous of the squadron in Portland Roads. The captains of the three frigates, Waddilove, Grahame, and Culme-Seymour, have been acting as members of the Megaera Court-Martial, held on board Her Majesty's ship Duke of Wellington, in Portsmouth, and, in consequence, the sailing of the frigates from Portsmouth for the rendezvous of the squadron was delayed until after the Court had concluded its sittings.

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