1° A complete Esquimaux Dress
2° Skull of one of the flat-head Indians collected while in Amphitrite (1847-50).>
From Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia:
Flathead, also known as the Salish Native American people originally inhabiting the region in the vicinity of Flathead Lake and Flathead River, in what is now northwestern Montana. The name Flatheads was given to the Salish by other Native Americans along the Columbia River to the west, who compressed the heads of their babies into a peak by means of a cone-shaped wicker headpiece. By contrast, the heads of the Salish, which were not subjected to any such manipulation, had a seemingly flat appearance. Although not war-like, the Salish defended themselves with great bravery against their enemies, the Blackfoot. In 1885, after ceding their land by treaty to the United States, the Salish, Kutenai, and Upper Pend d'Oreille people were placed on reservations in northwestern Montana.
The name Flathead has also been applied to several peoples that did in fact practise head-flattening: the Chinook of Oregon and Washington, and the Catawba, Choctaw, and Waxhaw of the southern United States.
"Flathead," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 96 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1995 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. (c) Funk & Wagnalls Corporation. All rights reserved.